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Xylem and Phloem





Xylem and phloem are complex vascular tissues that make up vascular bundles in plants.

The purpose of vascular tissue is to effectively transport food, water, and other nutrients throughout the plant. [1]


Phloem transports food (sugar) from sources, which are ususally leaves, to growing parts of the plant or storage areas, called sinks.

Food moves like an elevator because of sieve plates, which are perforated layers of sieve cells. [3]

BBC Bitesize - Xylem and Phloem



[1] From Socatic App - Xylem and Phloem

[2] From Socatic App - Xylem and Phloem



Differences between Xylem and Phloem

Xylem and phloem share the same goal of transporting materials throughout the plant, but each has its own set of properties.

Xylem carries water and minerals up from the roots, while phloem carries food in both directions (such as sugar). [2]


Xylem transports water and minerals in one direction: from root to leaves. Water moves up the plant like a drinking from a straw. [4]


- Transport water in the plant

- Support the plant


- have no cytoplasm and no end walls. They form a continuous tube in which water can pass freely

- the cell walls are strengthened by lignin, a tough waterproof substances.

Wikipedia Results - Xylem


Relevant Videos

Xylem and Phloem - Transport in Plants | Biology for All | FuseSchool

From Youtube

Xylem and Phloem - Part 2 - Transpiration - Transport in Plants | Biology for All | FuseSchool

From Youtube

Wikipedia Results - Phloem


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